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How to avoid frozen pipes in your home

PURE Property Management of North Carolina - Tuesday, January 2, 2018

With freezing temperatures, it is very important that you take the proper precautions to properly winterize your home. Freezing temperatures, ice, snow and wind can cause severe damage to your home, and winterizing is a process everyone should undertake to make sure their home is ready for severe winter weather. Did you know that a large part of winterizing involves protecting the water pipes in your home?

Here are 4 common questions and answers about winterizing your pipes:

Q: Why do pipes freeze?
A:  Pipes can freeze for any combination of reasons:
  • Quick drops in temperature to 20 degrees F or below
  • Extended hours below 32 degrees F
  • Poor insulation
  • Setting thermostats too low
Q: How do I keep my pipes from freezing?
A: You can’t keep the temperature from dropping, but you can protect your pipes.
  • Insulating unfinished areas, such as garages, where pipes may be exposed.
  • Draining and shutting off pipes flowing to the outside faucets.
  • Leaving faucets slowly dripping and cabinets open to expose pipes to warmer air.
  • Having someone check your home regularly while you are away.
  • Disconnecting all gardening hoses and install covers on all outside faucets.
  • Keeping your house temperature at 68 degrees or higher at all times.
When a hard freeze is coming:
  • Let warm water trickle from faucets overnight, particularly on an exterior wall or at the end of a long stretch of unprotected pipe.
  • Open cabinet doors, especially near exterior walls, to allow heat to reach uninsulated pipes under sinks, etc. (Make sure harmful cleaners or other household chemicals are out of the reach of children.)
  • Don’t turn your thermostat down below 65 degrees during extreme cold. Further drops in temperature could be enough to cause a problem, especially inside walls where pipes are located. Your heating bill may go up a little, but that’s better than an expensive repair job if a pipe freezes and bursts.
Q: My pipes what?
A: Don’t assume your pipes will automatically burst if they’ve frozen. No reason to panic yet.
  • Turn on your faucets and leave them on. As the frozen area starts to melt, water will start moving again and help more ice to melt.
  • Try to locate the frozen area of the pipe.
  • Apply heat to the frozen area if possible. You can use an electric heating pad, electric hair dryer, a portable space heater, or wrap the pipes in towels soaked in hot water.
CAUTION: never use a blowtorch, kerosene or propane heater or other open flame that could create a fire hazard. Such a device could also boil the water, causing the pipe to explode.

Q: What if a pipe bursts?
A: Turn the water off at the main shutoff valve and leave the faucets on. Take a moment to locate
where this is before it becomes an emergency. It is important that heat is left on in vacant homes. If damage occurs due to heat being turned off, insurance companies may deem this as negligence and refuse to pay a claim.
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